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Current situation of water supply and improvement of Sanitary Conditions in Republic of Tajikistan

IWRA World Water Congress 2008 Montpellier France
1. Water availability, use and management
Author(s): Inom Sh. Normatov
Ilhomiddin M. Rakhimov
Nurkhon S. Karomatulloeva
Ilkhom M. Rakhimov, Inom Sh. Normatov

Keyword(s): pollution,Vakhsh,Kafirnigan,Syrdarya,typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, diphtheria

AbstractNow, water supply and sanitary in Tajikistan are neither safe, nor adequate. According to Ministry of Health RT (November 2004) from 699 centralized systems of water supply available in the country 113 do not function, 358 do not meet the sanitary requirements, operating systems submit water with faults and are not guarantee of stable and steady access to safe potable water. With mid-annual prepossessed water resources in volume more than 13000 cubic meters of water per capita, Tajikistan - one of the richest states with water resources in the world, and still the country can provide only 59 populations with access to safe drinking water. The majority of rural schools and medical institutions lack appropriate public health services and systems of water supply. So, for example from 3694 schools (546 city and 3148 rural schools) the water pipe is available only in 1718 of them, at other schools there is no access to safe drinking water. At 140 rural schools of the country there are no lavatories. The same situation takes place in some part of 3352 units of medical institutions. Owing to deterioration of water-distributive networks and other basic constructions of water systems the tendency of decreasing in percent of population security is observed by safe water from water supply system. There are some reasons of bad condition of water and sanitary services in Tajikistan. As well as in other sectors, the difficulties caused by the post Soviet transition to market economy and civil war, have worsened an infrastructure of water supply. A low level of official budgetary appropriations and difficulties with gathering payment at water-users has strongly limited internal financing, which has appeared insufficiently to execute essential requirements of capital investments. Even if financing would be increased, it is doubtful, that bodies of water supply could effectively to distribute resources in sector with account of its many urgent needs. In addition to investments structural refo The pollution of water resources communal-household and industrial wastes is the disturbing factor requiring urgent intervention. The experts assert, that in the rivers of Tajikistan at 40-45 times more bacteria getting there with a household waste, than in the rivers the industrially advanced countries. In 1998 the dump of the polluted waters in the Vakhsh river has made 8 %, in Kafirnigan -60 %, in Syrdarya -23 %. The general pollution of water resources has made more than 6
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