Programme  Poster session 4  abstract 930

The WISDOM project – A Water-related Information System for the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Author(s): Steffen Gebhardt, Claudia Künzer, Juliane Huth, Thilo Wehrmann, Ingo Schettler, Michael Schmidt


Article: abs930_article.pdf
Poster: abs930_poster.pdf
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Session: Poster session 4
AbstractThe Mekong Delta in Vietnam offers natural resources for several million inhabitants.

However, a strong population increase, changing climatic conditions and regulatory measures at the upper reaches of

the Mekong lead to severe changes in the Delta. Extreme flood events occur more frequently, drinking water

availability is increasingly limited, soils show signs of salinization or acidification, species and complete habitats

Integrated resource management is required to face these problems. With that detailed knowledge and

hydrologic,-, hydraulic-, ecologic-, and sociologic factors must be available.
Furthermore, the cooperation of

national institutes as well as national, regional and local authorities needs to be strengthened.

It is the goal of

WISDOM to design and implement an Information System for the Mekong Delta, containing information from the

fields of hydrology, sociology, information technology, and earth observation. The integration of such data will enable

the end-user of the system to perform analyses on very specific questions; and thus will supply the end-user with a

tool supporting regional planning activities.

The bilateral German-Vietnamese project is tailored to facilitate a

multidisciplinary approach linking both, earth sciences with social sciences and vice versa. Therefore the project is

structured in goal-oriented work packages each of them executed by scientific experts at institutions from both sides,

Germany and Vietnam. The scientific work packages include:
1. Knowledge Management,

Information System Architecture Design,
3. Water esources, River System and Water Related Hazards,

Water Knowledge and Livelihoods,
5. Data Integration and Remotely Sensed Products,

Capacity Building.
The German Aerospace Centre is coordinating the research initiative on German


This paper presents the first results of the WISDOM project from the field of remote sensing, data

management, and information system design. In the field of remote sensing the derivation of flood information is one

crucial activity for the analysis of the Mekong habitats and livelihoods. Water masks are frequently being derived for

the projects three major study areas within the Mekong Delta: Can Tho province, Tam Nong district and Tra Cu

Using TerraSAR-X data at 2.5m resolution over Cao Lanh Region in Tam Nong district from both, the

rain and dry season, watermasks were derived representing the distribution of surface water. Products were derived

automatically following a threshold-based image classification approach. Furthermore change detection has been

performed giving quantitative information about change intensity and with that flood severity. The resulting datasets,

along with digital elevation models, and hydro-meteorological data will be used as input for hydraulic model

development and adjustment for flood prediction and forecast. The complete automatic process chain from

TerraSAR-X product generation to hydrologic modelling and flood forecasting will be one key element of the

information system.
Furthermore, landcover information for regions of interest within the Delta has been derived

from Landsat and Palsar satellite imagery. Pixel based and object-oriented approaches were therefore combined to

ha hybrid classification approach. Up to date landcover maps are currently non-existent in the Delta. However,

information on landuse, crop types, irrigation patterns and settlement distribution are crucial for the assessment of a

region’s water consumption and demand.

The Information System itself is designed based on a standard

oriented modular software and hardware architecture comprising a data entry portal, automatic data ingestion,

standardized spatial data infrastructures, a processing environment, and visualization-, query-, and analysis module.

Key aspects are the derivation and integration of geodata derived as products from e.g. remotely sensed products

further dealing as input to hydrologic modelling. The first demonstration unit of this information system will be

presented in detail. All results will be discussed within the context of further expected results and the user

requirements of the Vietnamese partners.

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