Programme  Poster session 3  abstract 531

Water Demand Management: A strategic climatic change adaptive strategy in water-scarce MENA? ( see also abstracts 535 and 539 )

Author(s): Lamia El-Fattal(1), Hammou Laamrani(1), Guy Jobbins(1), Eglal Rached(1), Wael El-Khairy(2)
(1) International Development Research Centre (2) Arab Water Council & Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation 5th floor, Imbaba, Giza, Postal Code 12666, Egypt Phone: +202 544 - 9420 Fax : + 202 544 - 9470

Keyword(s): Water demand management, Middle East and North Africa, Climate change, adaptive capacity

Poster: abs531_poster.pdf
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Session: Poster session 3
AbstractThere is now solid evidence of the

changes taking place in the global climate system with impacts on ecosystems, human health and livelihoods. There is

also some evidence that climate change (CC) is exacerbating both water quantity and quality problems, particularly

in water scarce regions which appear to be more vulnerable to weather extreme events such as recurrent and

prolonged droughts. Predictions foresee that the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) will be hit the

hardest by climate change.

Water scarcity in this region is likely to be aggravated by the increasing demand for

water of a rapidly growing population, decreasing renewable water resources and a reduction in water quality. One

study predicts a decline of 1-7% in GDP as a result of CC affects on water resources in MENA . Economic

diversification and the social adaptive capacity could alleviate the social, economic and environmental impact of

water scarcity in specific contexts . We argue that water demand management (WDM) is a strategic adaptive

strategy to the current challenge of water scarcity and will be become more so as climatic variability and change

impacts intensify. We further argue that WDM increases social resilience and contributes to “preparedness policies,”

as opposed to the current “responsiveness-policies” to CC in MENA.

1. Identify the drivers

of change in water policy reform processes;
2. Assess the level of integration of climate change issues

into water policy and the level of integration of water demand management as an adaptive strategy in CC policies.

Using the above knowledge, explore options and opportunities for WDM as an appropriate adaptive management

strategy in the context of CC.
3. Map out the emerging institutions/organizations with a mandate/potential related

to water management and CC preparedness in the region and determine their institutional capacity strengthening


A set of tools will be combined to achieve the above objectives, including two

political economy studies on WDM; an online cross-section survey in 9 countries in MENA involved in the in the

Water Demand Initiative ; two regional policy workshops and a desk review of WDM and CC policy


Expected Results
A better conceptual understanding of WDM as an adaptive strategy to climate

change is articulated and shared at the regional level this knowledge contributes to regional guidelines to integrate

WDM in CC preparedness policies and strategies.

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