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Impact of Water Source Depletion on Livelihood: Linkage with Chure Kang River Basin

IWRA 2020 Online Conference - Addressing Groundwater Resilience under Climate Change
THEME 1. Groundwater Natural Resouces Assessment Under Climate Change
Author(s): Amrita Rauniyar, Binod Heyojoo, Prabin Bhusal

Ms. Amrita Rauniyar1, Prof. Binod Heyojoo2,  Assistant Prof. Prabin Bhusal2

1. Tribhuvan University, Nepal
2. Institute of Forestry, Tribhuvan University


Keyword(s): Chure Landscape, groundwater recharge, impact, depletion, livelihood


The direct implications of Chure Landscape on groundwater recharge, rampant population increase together with unplanned development activities has led to widespread deforestation. While the sudden discharge of water has caused other water related problems which has resulted in low agricultural productivity, massive flooding, and depletion of water resources, consequently imposing threats on the livelihood. This study examines the underlying cause of the Chure degradation by analyzing the impact imposed by water resource depletion on the livelihood of local inhabitants. For this we used the data from questionnaire survey (n=200) and secondary sources including RS and GIS techniques. We found that out of 9 recharging spring sources 3 were active and others were dry. The forest cover was found decreasing by 6.2% in last 30 years (1990 2019). 38. 0% of people are facing the problem of quality drinking water which made their living difficult. We argue deforestation as a major underlying cause of water source depletion with its key impact in the agricultural sector. The study also discovers the presence of iron in a hand pump within a difference of only one hand, while the other remaining consistent. So, the study recommends a complementary study of underground geomorphology of water table along with immediate conservation initiatives.

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