IWRA World Water Congress 2008 Montpellier France
1. Water availability, use and management
Mikhail BOLGOV (1), Oliver OLSSON (2), Jochen FROEBRICH(2)
(1) Water Problem Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
(2) Hanover University,
AbstractThe study of the statistical structure of runoff series in the low-flow range is a key problem
of engineering hydrology. Use of stochastic models for river runoff fluctuations to describe low-flow and
hydrological drought will allow us to evaluate the risk, related with water. The basis for the obtained results is the
threshold level approach proposed by V. Yevjevich and involved investigation of the behavior of runoff processes in
reference to some specified quantity (a threshold). In essence, this threshold approach means the investigation of the
distribution for excursions of the process below some specified runoff level.
The investigation of such distributions
can be possible with help of stochastic models for river runoff fluctuations for different averaging periods. A simple
Markov chain specified by nonlinear regression equation with marginal gamma-distribution, describes adequately the
distribution of series of low-flow years. Seasonal (intra-annual) low flow periods are reproduced properly by a non
-stationary periodic PARMA model.
Having an adequate stochastic model for the runoff fluctuation process, one
is able to obtain the characteristics of interest either analytically or numerically (by means of simulation experiments).
The latter approach is preferable since the emerging analytical difficulties are considerable while, on the other hand,
there is a wealth of experience in hydrology of constructing stochastic models.
As the main result of investigation
we have received that the distribution of variables such as sojourn time for a river runoff (time of staying below some
specified threshold level) is characterized by a multi-modal function caused by genetic non-homogeneity of runoff
formation conditions in different seasons of a year.