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IWRA World Water Congress 2008 Montpellier France
8. Capacity Building
Author(s): Raphaèle Ducrot
Vilma Barban
Raphaèle Ducrot (1), Vilma Barban (2) (1) Corresponding author : UMR G-EAU / Cirad-ES. Visiting scientist IEA/USP Av Prof Luciano Gualberto, Travessa J, 374 Terreo ; Cidade Universitaria 05508-900 ; São Paulo - SP Bresil . Tel / Fax 00 55 11 3812

Keyword(s): periurban catchment, negotiation, capacity building, companion modeling, land and water issues

AbstractThe continuous growth of Brazilian cities is resulting in increased pressure on their periurban catchments as in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. In the southern Guarapiranga catchment the spreading of illegal settlements without sanitation is affecting the quality of one of the water drinking reservoir that supply water for a third of the city population. During the last decade a new water policy based on the integrated water management principles has being implemented to promote more participative management of the resource at catchment level, but the functioning of the discussion bodies are weakened by the limited representation of local communities, high social inequalities and asymmetry of information and decision power. When there is any contact with the public sector, the role of residents’ representatives is generally limited to listening to presentations of existing plans or explanations from the water company or the municipality. Paternalism is typical of the government’s approach and local residents’ associations for their part have little interaction among them and severely compete with one another to get more material advantages from the municipality. In such a context, promoting a real dialogue between these actors on a complex issue is particularly challenging. The aims of this contribution is to present how an adapted companion modeling approach based on participative modeling can help to strengthen negotiation capacity of the local representatives, build a joint representation of the issues of water and land management between actors and contribute to explore new solutions. The methodology is based in a companion modeling approach that was applied in two steps. The first one was for the development of tools integrating the interests and point of views of the different actors. In particular a computerized role playing games named Ter’Aguas was developed and tested with a focus group. This focus group also contributed to test other tools and dialogue supports for mapping land and water issues or actors. Based on these tools, a simplified companion modeling process was developed to be implemented with local stakeholders in order to prepare them for negotiations related to land and water management in the area with other actors. The process was implemented twice : once to prepare some communities in participating in municipal land planning and secondly, on demand of one municipality, to contribute to negotiations about the implementation of a controversial sanitation infrastructure. Both processes were monitored and a ex-post assessment has been implemented. The assessment indicates that the process did contribute to individual and collective learning process about water management issues. It also contributed to change representations about the system as a whole including about the interests of actors, to the rapprochement of the different actors and to explore alternative solutions. The methodology thus offers interesting potentialities for capacity building, empowerment and mobilization of the different actors at local level of catchment management. The difficulty for the institutionalization and dissemination of such an intervention is discussed.
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