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GL3. BALANCING EQUITY, EFFICIENCY AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN WATER ALLOCATION AND RE-ALLOCATION, IN THE CONTEXT OF ADAPTIVE WATER MANAGEMENT (AWM)
Moderator: S. Burchi, AIDA

The allocation and re-allocation of available water resources for use, in-stream and off-stream, and for the support of ecosystems are central to the management of the resource. They are underpinned by the permanent tension between the elusive goals of equity and efficiency of allocation, and between the pursuit of seemingly conflicting development and ecosystem integrity goals. Legislation providing for regulatory, economic and other mechanisms of allocation and re-allocation, including notably market-based mechanisms of rights trading, will be illustrated and debated. So will legislation seeking to reconcile the goals of socio-economic development with those of environmental protection and conservation, in the emerging drive to “green” water laws. The contribution and role of customary rights and practices will be accounted for, especially at the points of interface with the formal legal systems. Policy-relevant pointers are expected to emerge, notably with regard to the balancing of antagonistic goals, particularly in the context of adaptive water management.