Programme  Poster session 4  abstract 906


Author(s): Andelka Belic, Sima Belic, Radovan Savic
Andelka Belic(1), Sima Belic(1), Radovan Savic(1) (1) University of Novi sad, Agricultural Faculty, Department for Water Management, 21000 Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 8, Serbia Telephone: ++381 21 4853259, Fax: ++381 21 455713, e-mail:


Article: abs906_article.doc
Poster: abs906_poster.pdf
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Session: Poster session 4
AbstractThe Vojvodina´s unique position in respect of water resources is a direct

consequence of its geographic location on the central part of the Danube basin, with the largest concentration of

rivers and canals. This has means that control and management of the water resources has been a major condition

for survival of people living in this area. At first, the man’s aim was to protect himself against the water, but water

control has gradually played a greater role. This emerged in the management of the water for diverse purposes:

agriculture, industry, and water traffic. For all these activities and purposes water in Vojvodina is of vital importance

and of inestimable economic significance.
Vojvodina is distinguished by a relatively favorable climate, soil

and hydrological characteristics. In the recent decade, climate extremes have been registered, either in the air

temperature, amount of precipitation, or extreme hydrological occurrences manifested as the level and duration of

high/low water stages. However, Marjanov (1973) cited data reported by Rethly about a series of catastrophic wet

and dry years occurring in the past. Apparently, e.g. in the 15th century, the drought was such that one could wade

across the Danube. This indicates that climatic changes, or better to say, the sequences of favorable and unfavorable

distribution and amounts of precipitation, external and internal waters, are phenomena of a certain cyclic nature.

Owing to the circumstances, the last decade has been characterized by an irregular distribution of precipitation in the

course of a year, necessitating thus the intensification of some reclamation measures. Dry periods have imposed the

need for undertaking some complex measures with the aim of improving farming conditions, exceeding the scope of

conventional reclamation. With the aim of reducing the disproportion between the water requirements and its

available quantities, about 20 accumulations have been built in the region of Vojvodina in the course of the last 30

years. Before that, the Hydrological System Danube-Tisa-Danube (HS DTD) has been constructed with the

objective of making for the potential water shortage and collecting the excess or used waters.
In view of the fact

that the present level of pollution of natural resources has been to a significant extent due to economic reasons, the

procedures for dealing with the causes have to be sought in the same domain. The importance of reclamation in

organic agriculture is undoubtable and may be of crucial importance. This measure has to be adapted to the required

working conditions, first of all to plant production. In the reclamation measures with sustainable orientation an

approach different from the one that has been practised previously in shaping the canal network should be pursued

along with the water use and protection in the given region. It is necessary to point out that in a short time plant

production will have to switch to the organic - multifunctional approach. If this does not happen, the product will not

be suitable for export. In this change of the approach, reclamation measures, as the measures in service of

agriculture, will have a crucial role.

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