Programme  OS4c Modelling and information management  abstract 861


Author(s): Mikhail Bolgov, Oliver Olsson, Jochen Froebrich
Mikhail BOLGOV (1), Oliver OLSSON (2), Jochen FROEBRICH(2) (1) Water Problem Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia (2) Hanover University, GERMANY


Article: abs861_article.doc
Get Adobe Reader

Session: OS4c Modelling and information management
AbstractThe study of the statistical structure of runoff series in the low-flow range is a key problem

of engineering hydrology. Use of stochastic models for river runoff fluctuations to describe low-flow and

hydrological drought will allow us to evaluate the risk, related with water. The basis for the obtained results is the

threshold level approach proposed by V. Yevjevich and involved investigation of the behavior of runoff processes in

reference to some specified quantity (a threshold). In essence, this threshold approach means the investigation of the

distribution for excursions of the process below some specified runoff level.
The investigation of such distributions

can be possible with help of stochastic models for river runoff fluctuations for different averaging periods. A simple

Markov chain specified by nonlinear regression equation with marginal gamma-distribution, describes adequately the

distribution of series of low-flow years. Seasonal (intra-annual) low flow periods are reproduced properly by a non

-stationary periodic PARMA model.
Having an adequate stochastic model for the runoff fluctuation process, one

is able to obtain the characteristics of interest either analytically or numerically (by means of simulation experiments).

The latter approach is preferable since the emerging analytical difficulties are considerable while, on the other hand,

there is a wealth of experience in hydrology of constructing stochastic models.
As the main result of investigation

we have received that the distribution of variables such as sojourn time for a river runoff (time of staying below some

specified threshold level) is characterized by a multi-modal function caused by genetic non-homogeneity of runoff

formation conditions in different seasons of a year.

  Revenir en haut