Programme Poster session 1
Two Coordinated Models for IWRM of the Balsas River Basin in
Author(s): Sergio Armando Trelles-Jasso, Jorge Salgado, Hélène Rocchiccioli, Ismael Orozco, Héctor
Sanvicente, Avidán Bravo, Alexis Cervantes, Alberto Balancán
Mexican Institute of Water Technology
Integrated Water Resources Management
Session: Poster session 1
In order to support the integrated water resources management and consensus building in
the Council of the Balsas River Basin of Mexico, two coordinated models were implemented, one of Sytems
Dynamics type and the other of distributed hydrologic type. The Balsas transboundary River Basin extends over
111,600 km2, and includes part of ten States with a population of some 10.1 million.
The dynamic simulation
water resources management model allows determining the surface and groundwater balance in 15 watersheeds and
42 aquifers, with a daily time step and multiyear horizon. Through a friendly interface, different hydrologic and water
management scenarios are defined and compared, such as: change in long term trends of water demand for various
uses, interbasin water transfers, water losses control in distribution networks and improvement of efficiency in
irrigation systems. These scenarios will be considered in the definition of allocation rules in a region characterized by
complex problems. The input data are detailed at a municipal or irrigation district level. The output results are
aggregated at several levels in time and space. This model was developed using Powersim linked with
The Physitel/Hydrotel platform for distributed hydrological modelling, was applied. The daily
precipitation and runoff series at selected confluences generated by Hydrotel are fed into the dynamic water
resources model of the river basin.
The Physitel application was used to analyse the physiography from digital
elevation models, stream network and water bodies vector maps. Thousands of relatively homogeneous hydrologic
units (HU) associated with river segments or reservoirs were defined. The percentage of land use classes and
predominant soil texture were attributed to each HU.
The Hydrotel model was used to generate multiyear
mean daily runoff series in every confluence of the stream network. To this end it simulates direct, subsurface and
base flows through six processes: interpolation of daily precipitation, minimum and maximum temperatures, snow
accumulation and snowmelt, potential and actual evapotranspiration, and vertical water balance in three soil layers,
overland runoff, and river network and reservoir routing.
The application of a distributed hydrologic model
coordinated with a dynamic simulation water resources management model has proven feasible and useful in the
Balsas River Basin. Its great advantage is the gain in confidence among the stakeholders for the highly detailed
representation and good adjustment between simulation and reality.
This methodology is applicable to many
other national and international transboundary watersheds where consensus building through the analysis of scenarios
based on objective grounds is both challenging and crucial.