Programme OS8a Capacity building
FROM REVINDICATION TO PROPOSITION: CAPACITY
BUILDING IN NEGOTIATION ABOUT WATER MANAGEMENT IN PERIURBAN AREAS.
"TERAGUAS" APPROACH IN SAO PAULO, BRAZIL
Author(s): Raphaèle Ducrot, Vilma Barban
(1), Vilma Barban (2)
(1) Corresponding author : UMR G-EAU / Cirad-ES. Visiting scientist IEA/USP Av
Prof Luciano Gualberto, Travessa J, 374 Terreo ; Cidade Universitaria 05508-900 ; São Paulo - SP Bresil . Tel /
Fax 00 55 11 3812
Keyword(s): periurban catchment,
negotiation, capacity building, companion modeling, land and water issues
Session: OS8a Capacity building
The continuous growth of Brazilian cities is resulting in increased pressure on their
periurban catchments as in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. In the southern Guarapiranga catchment the
spreading of illegal settlements without sanitation is affecting the quality of one of the water drinking reservoir that
supply water for a third of the city population.
During the last decade a new water policy based on the integrated
water management principles has being implemented to promote more participative management of the resource at
catchment level, but the functioning of the discussion bodies are weakened by the limited representation of local
communities, high social inequalities and asymmetry of information and decision power. When there is any contact
with the public sector, the role of residents’ representatives is generally limited to listening to presentations of existing
plans or explanations from the water company or the municipality. Paternalism is typical of the government’s
approach and local residents’ associations for their part have little interaction among them and severely compete with
one another to get more material advantages from the municipality. In such a context, promoting a real dialogue
between these actors on a complex issue is particularly challenging.
The aims of this contribution is to present
how an adapted companion modeling approach based on participative modeling can help to strengthen negotiation
capacity of the local representatives, build a joint representation of the issues of water and land management
between actors and contribute to explore new solutions.
The methodology is based in a companion modeling
approach that was applied in two steps. The first one was for the development of tools integrating the interests and
point of views of the different actors. In particular a computerized role playing games named Ter’Aguas was
developed and tested with a focus group. This focus group also contributed to test other tools and dialogue supports
for mapping land and water issues or actors.
Based on these tools, a simplified companion modeling process was
developed to be implemented with local stakeholders in order to prepare them for negotiations related to land and
water management in the area with other actors. The process was implemented twice : once to prepare some
communities in participating in municipal land planning and secondly, on demand of one municipality, to contribute to
negotiations about the implementation of a controversial sanitation infrastructure. Both processes were monitored
and a ex-post assessment has been implemented.
The assessment indicates that the process did contribute to
individual and collective learning process about water management issues. It also contributed to change
representations about the system as a whole including about the interests of actors, to the rapprochement of the
different actors and to explore alternative solutions.
The methodology thus offers interesting potentialities for
capacity building, empowerment and mobilization of the different actors at local level of catchment management. The
difficulty for the institutionalization and dissemination of such an intervention is discussed.