Programme Poster session 3
NGOs strategies in water supply and sanitation projects
Author(s): A case study
from Ingeniería Sin Fronteas(Engineering Without Borders)Spain
Author(s): Alejandro Jimenez, A. Pérez-Foguet, M.Carrillo
Civil Engineer (1999, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid), Msc Hidraulycs (2001,Universidad Politécnica de
Madrid), PhD Candidate (Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya), I have 9 years of experience in development
projects. Since 2004, I am the water and i
Keyword(s): NGO, civil
society, water projects, bottom-up, MDG
Session: Poster session 3
The lack of access to safe water and basic sanitation in
developing countries remains one of the biggest obstacles to foster human development in those regions. Improving
access to these basic services has been an international priority since 1977, being reinforced with the Target 10 from
Millennium Development Goals, and recently, by the declaration by United Nations of the period 2005-2015 as the
Water Decade for Action.
Political situation in many developing countries is oriented to decentralization and
devolution of responsibilities to local institutions and final users, mainly in the rural areas. International aid
programmes have been normally designed and implemented from an up-bottom approach, while local institutions and
final users have been traditionally targeted by NGOs projects. The importance of analyzing these NGOs approaches
is an important task in nowadays context, since some research show that they amount up to 20% of total sector
expenditure in some African countries (Mehta et al, 2005).
This paper aims to deepen in the knowledge of the
NGOs approach to water and sanitation projects through the analysis of three interventions, two in Tanzania and one
in El Salvador, implemented by the Spanish NGOs Engineering without Borders (ISF) during the period 2000-2006.
First it describes important context and sector information at country, regional and local level. Secondly, the
objectives targeted and the implementation methodology are described, as well as the temporal evolution of each
programme. Thirdly, the cost structure is divided in components, including the cost analysis from the different
technologies used, as well as the relative importance given to planning or providing services. These parameters are
compared with international standards for each region. Fourthly, the relative importance and structure of the
population benefited from the action is characterized.
The analysis collaborates in the understanding of the links
between the strategy chosen in the project design (including level of service), the local and national context and the
number and structure of benefited population. This and other similar analysis will be useful for development
practitioners and policy makers to understand context influences in the design of bottom-up approaches in water and
The paper concludes highlighting how the NGO applies its basic principles through the
intervention in different contexts and identifies major challenges for the future.
al 2005: “Financing the Millenium Development Goals for Water and Sanitation: what will it take?” Meera Mehta,
Thomas Fulgelsnes & Kameel Virjee, Water Resources Development, vol 21, No.2, 239-252.