Programme  Poster session 2  abstract 65

Current situation of water supply and improvement of Sanitary Conditions in Republic of Tajikistan

Author(s): Inom Sh. Normatov, Ilhomiddin M. Rakhimov, Nurkhon S. Karomatulloeva
Ilkhom M. Rakhimov, Inom Sh. Normatov

Keyword(s): pollution,Vakhsh,Kafirnigan,Syrdarya,typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, diphtheria

Article: abs65_article.doc
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Session: Poster session 2
AbstractNow, water supply and sanitary in Tajikistan are neither safe,

nor adequate. According to Ministry of Health RT (November 2004) from 699 centralized systems of water supply

available in the country 113 do not function, 358 do not meet the sanitary requirements, operating systems submit

water with faults and are not guarantee of stable and steady access to safe potable water.
With mid-annual

prepossessed water resources in volume more than 13000 cubic meters of water per capita, Tajikistan - one of the

richest states with water resources in the world, and still the country can provide only 59 populations with access to

safe drinking water. The majority of rural schools and medical institutions lack appropriate public health services and

systems of water supply. So, for example from 3694 schools (546 city and 3148 rural schools) the water pipe is

available only in 1718 of them, at other schools there is no access to safe drinking water. At 140 rural schools of the

country there are no lavatories.
The same situation takes place in some part of 3352 units of medical institutions.

Owing to deterioration of water-distributive networks and other basic constructions of water systems the tendency

of decreasing in percent of population security is observed by safe water from water supply system.
There are

some reasons of bad condition of water and sanitary services in Tajikistan. As well as in other sectors, the difficulties

caused by the post Soviet transition to market economy and civil war, have worsened an infrastructure of water

supply. A low level of official budgetary appropriations and difficulties with gathering payment at water-users has

strongly limited internal financing, which has appeared insufficiently to execute essential requirements of capital

investments. Even if financing would be increased, it is doubtful, that bodies of water supply could effectively to

distribute resources in sector with account of its many urgent needs. In addition to investments structural refo The

pollution of water resources communal-household and industrial wastes is the disturbing factor requiring urgent

intervention. The experts assert, that in the rivers of Tajikistan at 40-45 times more bacteria getting there with a

household waste, than in the rivers the industrially advanced countries. In 1998 the dump of the polluted waters in

the Vakhsh river has made 8 %, in Kafirnigan -60 %, in Syrdarya -23 %. The general pollution of water resources

has made more than 6 On a slide pollution of water resources has made more than 6 m3 on

one inhabitant.
In areas of irrigated agriculture, where the most part of the population uses mainly arik water,

morbidity in 3-9 times is higher.
Strong dependence of Tajikistan on an agriculture and, as a consequence,

influence of the chemists used in cotton-planting, and also presence others agricultural wastes render negative

influence on health of the people. Such illnesses, as typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, diphtheria and hepethite are caused

by the use of the polluted water, while marsh-ridden sites provoke distribution malaria. Water as one of the basic

and most dynamical components is especially vulnerable to the factors of influence of anthropogenesis


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