Programme Poster session 4
Crop water stress detection from remote sensing using the SSEBI-2
Author(s): a case study in Morocco
Author(s): Claire Jacobs(1), Gerbert J. Roerink(1), Ali Hammani(2)
(1) ALTERRA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
(2)Institut Agronomique et
Vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat, Morocco
Keyword(s): water stress, irrigation, evapotranspiration, monitoring, remote sensing, SSEBI-2
Session: Poster session 4
Accurate estimations of evapotranspiration (ET) give insight in
water use, crop water stress, and production levels of crops. For planning and management of water resources,
water managers and specifically irrigation engineers need to dispose of temporal and spatial values of ET.
use of remote sensing data has proven to be useful to estimate ET for large spatial areas. A simplified method is
provided by the SSEBI algorithm, developed to estimate surface fluxes from remote sensing images. SSEBI
provides accurate ET estimations and has the advantage that limited field data are required (Roerink et al., 2000).
So far, SSEBI is applied to separate remote sensing images, representing individual days within a season. A method
for temporal integration of the images into a constant time series of daily ET maps has been lacking. The current
paper describes the application of a new, easy to use procedure that applies such a temporal integration: the SSEBI
-2 algorithm. SSEBI-2 derives daily actual and potential ET maps from remote sensing. The approach allows a
quick temporal and spatial assessment of seasonal water consumption for large river basins or irrigation systems,
with a minimum amount of input data required.
The SSEBI-2 algorithm is applied to the Oum Er Rbia Basin in
Morocco, which includes the Tadla irrigation perimeter, one of the most productive irrigation areas in Morocco. A
number of 26 low resolution MODIS images of 2006 has been used to derive evaporative fraction maps. These
maps are subsequently integrated in equal intervals (days, decades, months), after which for each interval the net
radiation flux is calculated on the basis of standard meteo data, combined with remote sensing input. Finally actual
and potential ET on a daily basis have been derived for the Tadla irrigation scheme. For validation, surface flux
measurements are used.
A comparison of actual and potential ET reveals the occurrence of crop water stress
at specific moments in the irrigation season of 2006 in Tadla. This information can be used to adapt irrigation
strategies or propose alternative cropping calendars. In addition, when looking at a basin scale, Tadla is consuming a
large amount of water within the whole river basin, leaving little room for agricultural perimeters located downstream
in the basin.
Although the project is still under way, promising results have been obtained
so far, which demonstrate the usefulness of SSEBI-2 to derive constant time series of evapotranspiration for
irrigation assessments, in a way that is understandable and reproducible by non remote sensing experts.
use of MODIS appears highly suitable for the calculation of ET time series, due to its (i) high temporal resolution, (ii)
standard atmospheric correction and (iii) standard geometrical correction. An additional advantage is the easy access
of MODIS images (free of charge through internet) which provides the opportunity for routine processing of images.
This is promising for operational crop monitoring applications that require processing at a near-real-time
The research described in this paper is conducted in the framework of the
AquaStress project (2005-2009), an EU funded integrated project
Roerink, G.J., Z. Su and M. Menenti, 2000. S-SEBI: A simple
remote sensing algorithm to estimate the surface energy balance, Phys. Chem. Earth, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp 147-