Programme  Poster session 3  abstract 182


Author(s): Boualem Remini , H. Benfetta
professor university of blida algeria


Poster: abs182_poster.pdf
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Session: Poster session 3

The phenomenon of the water's escapes on the level of the

dams results by considerable into invaluable water and rare losses and also in very serious threats of the stability of

the hydraulic works. Moreover, more the share of the stoppings are subjected to a loss of capacity due primarily to

three phenomena to knowing: water leakages, the silting of reserves and intense evaporation. In Algeria, we listed

approximately fifteen stoppings having losses by escapes which exceed 1 million m3 per year for each one, among

these stoppings six have a volume of escape higher than 5 million m3 . Due to the non existence of a better site and

the establishment of the dam Ouizert in an unfavourable site with the storage of water and favorable to the water

leakages, this stopping is strongly prone to this problem and its loss of capacity is in evolution because of the

increase in the water leakages. In spite of the grouting curtain which were carried out along the axis of the dam and

which allowed the suppression of the right bank water leakages, the problem of the water losses through left bank of

the stopping towards the downstream always remains.

The dam ouizert is Located at approximately 35 km in

the Western – South of the place head of the wilaya of Mascara. It has a total capacity of 100 million m3 , it is

intended to increase the degree of regularization of the Wadi El Hammam for the drinking and industrial water of

Oran – Arzew, the irrigation of the perimeter of El Habra located at the North of Mohammadia and to feed the dam

Bouhanifia by the lâchers. However, this stopping is threatened by the escapes through the left bank in clear

evolution in time. The stopping has never reached its maximum level, since the lost volume generally borders the

value of 1m3/s. We present in this study the assessment of the total water the total losses of the dam Ouizert while

trying to show the impact of these escapes on losses on the level of this stopping especially which we considered

interannual the volume of the escapes average at 10.42 hm3. From where we can conclude that the water leakages

are the principal cause in the increase in the total losses of the dam Ouizert beside the accelerated silting of reserve

and intense evaporation.

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