Programme OS6g Public-private
Private Sector Participation in Water Supply: Prospects and Challenges in
Author(s): E.O. Longe(1), M.O Kehinde(2), C.O. Olajide(3)
(1) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,
University of Lagos,
Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
E-mails: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Ireni House, Cobham Road, Ipswich IP3 9JD
(3) Lagos Water Corporation, Water House, Ijora, Lagos.
Keyword(s): Water Supply, Private Sector,
Privatization, and Stakeholders.
Session: OS6g Public-private
Lagos State Water
Corporation (LSWC), a Government agency since 1981 took over the responsibility of providing potable water to
the people of Lagos State. However, the challenges facing the corporation continue to mount in the face of increasing
demand, expendable water sources and need for injection of funds.
In the recent past most developing countries
embarked on large-scale infrastructure through public sector financing and control. Reliance on such public sector
financing, and management however has not proved effective or sustainable while the successes of projects are not
guaranteed. Adduced reasons are not far fetched and these ranged from deteriorating fiscal conditions, operational
inefficiency, excessive bureaucracy and corruption. Consequently, the need for the private sector participation in
public sectors enterprises becomes therefore inevitable in the provision of investment and control.
Water Corporation programme for Private Sector Participation in potable water supply commenced about seven
years back. In order to realize this objective a complete due diligence of the corporation was carried. The technical
baseline findings showed that raw water sources yield far exceeded present LSWC capacity, while production
capacity is utilized at less than 50% of installed capacity. Inadequate distribution network system and One North-
South transmission route, also characterized the system. It also identified new assets close to physical collapse,
primary pipelines at the risk of rupture, and problematic energy supply. Commercial performance is very low, 30%
while non-revenue water was 96%. Financial due diligence reveals depressed revenues and inflated expenses
resulting in increasing operating losses pointing to an unrecoverable fall while deficit has grown to bankruptcy level.
The gloomy picture made the consideration of alternative finance and management structure inevitable. Privatization
therefore becomes the veritable alternative since it promises among others improved standard and level of service,
profitability, and attraction of investment funds as the case was in similar water corporation like SODECI in Cote d’
Ivoire, Aguas Argentina and SONEG in Guinea after privatization.
The Corporation preferred options, consist
of two different concession contracts covering the eyebrow areas of the metropolis made up of Lagos Mainland at
Lagos West and Lekki and the Islands at the eastern end as a case study. Despite the anticipated promises of
privatization, genuine stakeholder concerns necessitate adequate legal and regulatory framework that will protect all
*1To whom all correspondence should be made